Language and emotion
"A world experienced without any affect would be a pallid, meaningless world. We would know that things happened, but we could not care whether they did or not" (Tomkins 1979: 203, cited in Planalp 1999: 9).
Much of our theoretical machinery in linguistics is geared towards the referential functions of language. And while these functions are important, our focus on them has left other realms of language underdeveloped.
Speakers use language to express their attitudes towards the things they are talking about and the people they are speaking to. Pragmatists move us behind reference and sociolinguists bring us into the social, yet neither really has much to say about the emotive function of language, which "flavors to some extent all our utterances, on their phonic, grammatical, and lexical level" (Jakobson 1960: 354).
The phrase "language and emotion" covers a wide range of topics--this page collects essays and reading notes that pursue a number of different angles.
I gave a presentation on "Affective patterns using words and emoticons in Twitter" at NWAV 40 at Georgetown, October 30, 2011.
Check out my presentation, "Studying emotion in the field" at Berkeley's Fieldwork Forum, October 19, 2011.
"The emotional profile of words" at LLACAN's annual scientific meeting in Paris (December 10, 2010--this is the Langage, Langues et Cultures d'Afrique Noire a group within CNRS).
My November 17, 2010 talk at Nuance is here: Introduction to emotion detection.
My November 4, 2010 NWAV presentation talks about emotion, too: Variation in speech tempo: Capt. Kirk, Mr. Spock, and all of us in between.
And here's the abstract for my October 15, 2010 talk at the California Universities Semantics and Pragmatics Workshop (CUSP): The structure of the affective lexicon.
The following essays pursue themes more than theses.
- Affect and accommodation
- Intonational melodies and emotion
- Ideophones and emotion
- Stance, style, and emotion
- Mapping language and basic emotions
- Dimensions of emotion
- Words that get reactions: exploring The Experience Project corpus
- Measuring emotion in a conversation (the "awesome" pilot)
- "Emotion" in major linguistics journals since 2005
- Conversational engagement: psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics together
- Emotion in pragmatics, sociolinguistics, and computational linguistics
- Positioning interlocutors with little nudges and shoves
- Power and linguistics
- Collected notes: What is anger?
You can find notes for all of these citations in this folder.
The formatting for these reading notes is a little odd--the left and right columns are unrelated (so you read straight down). I put in citation counts mostly pre-2012. A surprising number of these seem to have grown, whether through additional citations or a change in Google Scholar's algorithms, I haven't researched.
Amir, N., & Cohen, R. (2007). Characterizing Emotion in the Soundtrack of an Animated Film: Credible or Incredible? Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, 148–158. Cited by 11.
Ang, J., Dhillon, R., Krupski, A., Shriberg, E., & Stolcke, A. (2002). Prosody-based automatic detection of annoyance and frustration in human-computer dialog. In Seventh International Conference on Spoken Language Processing. Cited by 382.
Barrett, L. F. (2006). Solving the emotion paradox: Categorization and the experience of emotion. Personality and social psychology review, 10(1), 20. Cited by 168.
Bednarek, Monika. (2008). Emotion Talk Across Corpora. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Cited by 208.
Benus, S., Gravano, A., & Hirschberg, J. (2007). Prosody, emotions, and…‘whatever’. In Proceedings of International Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (pp. 2629–2632). Cited by 11.
Benveniste, E. (1971). Subjectivity in language. Problems in general linguistics, 223–230. Cited by 270.
Ben-Ze'ev, A. (2000). The subtlety of emotions. Cambridge: The MIT Press. Cited by 307.
Besnier, N. (1990). Language and Affect. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol 19, pp. 419-451. Cited by 153.
Biadsy, F., Rosenberg, A., Carlson, R., Hirschberg, J., & Strangert, E. (2008). A Cross-Cultural Comparison of American, Palestinian, and Swedish Perception of Charismatic Speech. Proc. Speech Prosody, Campinas Brazil. Cited by 17.
Biber, D., & Finegan, E. (1988). Adverbial stance types in English. Discourse Processes, 11(1), 1–34. Cited by 104.
Brown, P. and S. Levinson. (1987). Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cited by 6,499.
Bucholtz, Mary. (2009). From Stance to Style: Gender, Interaction, and Indexicality in Mexican Immigrant Youth Slang. In Alexandra Jaffe (ed) Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 146-170. Cited by 128.
Buck, R. (1984). The communication of emotion. New York: Guilford Press. Cited by 695.
Çetin, O., & Shriberg, E. (2006). Analysis of overlaps in meetings by dialog factors, hot spots, speakers, and collection site: insights for automatic speech recognition. In Proceedings ICSLP (pp. 2281-2284). Pittsburgh. Cited by 24.
Clavel, C., Vasilescu, I., & Devillers, L. (2011). Fiction support for realistic portrayals of fear-type emotional manifestations. Computer Speech & Language, 25(1), 63 - 83. Cited by 5.
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Kiesling, Scott. 2009. Style as Stance: Stance as the Explanation for Patterns of Sociolinguistic Variation. In Alexandra Jaffe (ed) Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 171-194. Cited by 153.
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